This symbol says whether domestic laundering is or is not possible and applies both to washing by hand or by machine. The numbers in the wash-tub correspond to the maximum washing temperatures in degrees Celsius and must not be exceeded. A bar below the wash-tub means that gentle handling is required with a reduced amount of laundry and slower speed during the spin-dry cycle.
The triangle provides information on whether the article can or cannot be bleached.
Drying in the tumble dryer
The square is the symbol for the drying process. The circle in it provides information on drying in a tumble dryer. The number of dots in the drying drum specify the drying levels. If there is no tumble dryer symbol, then the symbols for washing and ironing give some information on drying. The more intensive the permissible type of handling, the simpler drying is. The lower the care levels, the more caution is necessary when drying in the tumble dryer. The program text does not currently clearly state which textiles are suitable for drying (tumble dryer) for all appliances.
General instructions for drying in a household tumble dryer
- Spin-dry the laundry at the highest speed possible before drying (as high as the laundry symbol permits).
- Do not overfill the drum of the dryer.
- Only put items with the same drying time in the dryer together. Cotton and synthetics, for example, have different drying times and therefore reach a specific residual dampness after different drying times.
- Do not over-dry laundry; it uses energy unnecessarily.
- Do not dry items in the tumble dryer if they, or their shape, are sensitive to heat.
- Always observe the manufacturer‘s operating instructions.
The dots identify the temperature ranges of the iron (regulator, steam, travel irons as well as ironing machines). In common irons, these setting ranges are sometimes also assigned to specific raw materials. The maximum temperature must be selected solely on the basis of the care symbol and not according to the raw material content of a textile article.
Professional textile care
The symbol gives information on whether professional textile care is or is not recommended. With this new care symbol, both organic solvents as well as special wet processes are taken into consideration; therefore the care symbol differentiates between dry cleaning (formerly called chemical cleaning) and wet cleaning.
The letters within the circle are intended for professional textile cleaners. They give information on the solvents that can be used during the cleaning process. The bar below the circle indicates that certain limitations in the dry-cleaning process are required. These may concern the mechanical action, addition of moisture, bath and/or drying temperature. When choosing the cleaning process, the professional textile cleaner must also take into account the nature of the textile materials and the degree of soiling (normal/mild process).
The label contains information on the maximum permissible treatment and proper care of the identified textiles. The care symbol is not a guarantee of quality. Care treatment that is carried out in accordance with the information on the label guarantees that the textile product will not be damaged. However, it does not guarantee that all dirt and stains will actually be removed. Milder types of treatment and temperature than those given on the label are permitted at any time.