Standards & Certification

Information note on Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) provides the wearer with protection. It is subdivided into three categories.

PPE Category I

Protective clothing in Category I protects the wearer from straightforward, personal risks, the effects of which can be safely identified in good time by the user. E.g. overall to protect the wearer from dirt. No EC type-examination certificate needs to be issued for protective clothing in Category I.

PPE Category II

This category comprises all PPE which is not assigned to Category I or Category III. It protects people from moderate risk e.g. high-visibility clothing or light heat protection. An external body must certify Category II protective clothing and issue an EC type-examination certificate. This is valid for 5 years.

PPE Category III

Category III includes all PPE that protects against mortal danger or serious irreversible damage to the health of the wearer and where it must be assumed that the user cannot identify the direct effects of the danger in good time e.g. the danger associated with an arc flash or chemical splashes. Certification must also be carried out by an external certifying body. PPE in Category III is also subject to an EC quality assurance system which ensures monitoring and repeats the test at regular intervals. The EC type-examination certificate issued is also valid for 5 years.

Finishing and alteration of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Cat. II and III

It is particularly important in relation to the finishing of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) that the type of finish is specifically suited to the PPE type-examination certificate and recertified accordingly. Here too, PLANAM offers a multitude of certified options for attaching your company logo to the PPE. For any modification to the PPE which is not recertified, the type-examination certificate is no longer valid and the complete protection of the wearer is no longer guaranteed.

Important information about the new PPE Regulation

Switch from EU Directive 89/686/EEC to Regulation (EU) 2016/425

From 21 April 2018 type-approval certificates will be issued in accordance with the new PPE Regulation. What are the main changes?

1. Type-approval certificates will be valid for a maximum of 5 years.

2. Subsequent to a transition period of 1 year (from 21 April 2019) PPE will only be allowed to be issued in compliance with the new Regulation. Any merchandise already in circulation may, however, continue to be sold after 21 April 2019 pursuant to Directive 89/686/EEC without limitation for the consumer.

3. Certain PPE, which provide protection against life-threatening injuries, were newly allocated from cat. II to cat. III, e.g. cut protection or PPE that protects against drowning.

4. PPE listed under cat. II and cat. III must continue to be subject to certification by an external body.

5. Any existing certificates pursuant to Directive 89/686/EEC will continue to remain valid up to no later than 20 April 2023. If, how ever, there is a change in category of the PPE, e.g. cut protection workwear previously listed under cat. II, which is reclassified as PPE under cat. III, the old certificate shall be valid until 20 April 2019.

 

CE mark

In the EU Regulation 2016/425 the mark for PPE is provided with the CE mark. CE means “Conformité Européenne” – “Conformity with EU guidelines”

  • + It is a manufacturer’s declaration
  • + The CE mark is always attached before the product is brought into circulation
  • + This only affects products which, subject to a certain provision, are required to bear the CE mark
  • + It is therefore not a voluntary mark
  • + All PPE listed under cat. I, II and III must be issued with a CE mark

The mark stipulates a minimum safety standard for products. Those products requiring such marking must bear the “CE” mark, in order that they may be brought into circulation at all in the EU.

EN 343

EN 343 Protective clothing against the rain

The European standard specifies the requirements for protective clothing against foul weather. The parameters for this standard concern resistance to penetration by water (water impermeability) and water vapour resistance (breathability).

These two parameters are subdivided into 4 classes. For resistance to water penetration the following is required:

Water penetration resistance (WP)  Class 1  Class 2  Class 3  Class 4
Material before washing  WP ≥ 8.000 Pa ≙ approx. 816 mm water column  –  –    –
 Material after washing   –  WP ≥ 8.000 Pa ≙ approx. 816 mm water column  WP ≥ 13.000 Pa ≙ approx. 1.326 mm water column  WP ≥ 20.000 Pa ≙ approx. 2.040 mm water column
 Nähte before washing  WP ≥ 8.000 Pa  WP ≥ 8.000 Pa  WP ≥ 13.000 Pa   –
 Nähte after washing   –   –   –  WP ≥ 20.000 Pa

 

1,000 PA corresponds to approx. 102 mm water column. The water column specifies the water pressure that the upper material can withstand before water penetrates it. The figures specify the load limit at which the first drops penetrate the fabric.

For water vapour resistance: 

  • Class 1 = Ret > 40
  • Class 2 = Ret > 25 ≤ 40
  • Class 3 = Ret > 15 ≤ 25
  • Class 4 = Ret ≤ 15
EN 342

EN 342 Clothing for protection against cold

The protective clothing is worn for working in cold storage facilities and cold environments with temperatures of -5 °C or less. In order to provide optimum protection, the clothing must be worn as a suit (parka and dungarees, blouson and dungarees or overalls). In addition, the corresponding head and hand coverings must be worn, along with protective shoes. In the testing method according to EN 342, heat insulation and air permeability is tested.

The pictogram gives information about the level of protection. The figures below mean, for example, 0.477 (B) resultant thermal insulation measured while standing, performing very light or moderate activities. For the relevant period of use at different ambient temperatures, please refer to the measured value in the following table:

 

Insulation Wearer carrying out a standing activity 115 W/m2 Wearer carrying out a moving activity Light 115 W/m2 Moderate 170 W/m2
I cler m2 * K/W Air velocity
0,4 m/s 3 m/s 0,4 m/s 3 m/s 0,4 m/s 3 m/s
  8h 1h 8h 1h 8h 1h 8h 1h 8h 1h 8h 1h

0,265

13 0 19 7 3 -12 9 -3 -12 -28 -2 -16
0,310 10 -4 17 3 -2 -18 6 -8 -18 -36 -7 -22
0,390 5 -12 13 -3 -9 -28 0 -16 -29 -49 -16 -32
0,470 0 -20 7 -9 -17 -38 -6 -24 -40 -60 -24 -43
0,540 -5 -26 4 -14 -24 -45 -11 -30 -49 -71 -32 -52
0,620 -10 -32 0 -20 -31 -55 -17 -38 -60 -84 -40 -61

 

EN 14058

EN 14058 Protective clothing for a cool environment

At moderate low temperatures above -5 °C, items of clothing are used to protect against localised cooling of the body, including for activities indoors, e.g. in the food industry. Air permeability, heat insulation and thermal insulation are tested. The clothing serves to protect the body against cool environments.

DIN EN ISO 20471

DIN EN ISO 20471 high-visibility clothing

Darkness and poor visibility are big risk factors when working outside. In particular, dangerous situations in road traffic, such as at roadworks, are frequently underestimated. And around railway tracks, at airports and around ports, good visibility is a top priority.

Definition of levels of risk
Standard DIN EN ISO 20471 does not differentiate between professional and non-professional use. It is concerned generally with all hazardous situations where there is a danger of not being seen and exclusively with warning clothing for high risk scenarios. The clothing is subdivided into classes 1, 2 and 3.

Material Class 1 Class 2 Class 3
Background material 0,14 m2 0,50 m2 0,80 m2
Retroreflective material 0,10 m2 0,13 m2 0,20 m2
Retroreflective material 0,20 m2 n.a. n.a.

 

Design
The recognisable shape of the human body is emphasised. Fluorescent material and horizontal reflective stripes should encircle the torso and, when available, trouser legs and sleeves. Products in class 3 must encircle the torso and have either sleeves with reflective stripes or long trouser legs with reflective stripes.
Therefore warning vests or warning dungarees may not be certified individually for class 3. A reflective stripe around the stomach of a warning pair of dungarees is not taken into account in the calculation. Clear combinations of horizontal and vertical retroreflective stripes offer the best visual contrast against most backgrounds. Excessive diagonal features and unclear shapes must be avoided. Combinations of clothing, for example a high-visibility jacket with high-visibility trousers, can be certified by DIN EN ISO 20471.

Piktogramm
Labelling is with the pictogram and the class 1, 2 or 3.
In addition, the instructions for using the item of clothing should contain the information that the service life of the product is not determined solely by the number of cleaning cycles, but also by its use, care and storage.

Reflective band
The Reflective Material has been designed for use on high-visibility clothing, workwear and professional clothing to improve the visibility of the wearer when it is dark or visibility is poor. The material shines a brilliant white when illuminated by vehicle headlights, even if the wearer is at the edge of the road. Reflective Material is composed of exposed retroreflective lenses bonded to a durable blended fabric (65% polyester / 35% cotton). It far exceeds the minimum retroreflective performance required by the highest category (class 3). Its retroreflective properties are not dependent on the direction the clothing is facing

EN ISO 11611

EN ISO 11611 – Protective clothing for welding and related processes

Clothing produced according to EN ISO 11611 serves to protect the wearer while welding or performing allied processes involving comparable risks. This clothing provides protection against spatter (minor splashes of molten metal) and so-called welding beads as well as brief contact with flames and radiant heat from the arc.Under normal welding conditions, it offers limited electrical insulation against DC voltage of up to approximately 100 V.

According to EN ISO 11611, the clothing is divided into the following classes depending on their level of protection:
Class 1 = protection against less hazardous welding techniques and situations causing lower levels of spatter and radiant heat
Class 2 = protection against more hazardous welding techniques and situations causing higher levels of radiant heat

EN ISO 11612

EN ISO 11612 Clothing giving protection against heat and flames

Protective clothing that is intended to provide protection against brief contact with flames and at least one type of heat. The heat can be convective, radiant or caused by large splashes of molten metal - or can occur in a combination of these effects. The requirements on limited flame spread must always be met.

Code A1-A2 = Protection against limited flame spread
Code B1-B3 = Protection against convective heat
Code C1-C4 = Protection against radiant heat
Code D1-D3 = Splashes of molten aluminium
Code E1-E3 = Splashes of molten iron
Code F1-F3 = Contact heat
EN 13034 Typ 6

EN 13034, Type 6 Protective clothing against liquid chemicals

Protective clothing with a limited performance against the effects of small quantities of sprayed (liquid aerosols, spray) or spattered chemicals (with low pressure) of a low hazard potential. No complete barrier against the permeation of liquids as users can take suitable measures in a timely manner upon contamination. The protective clothing is, for example, used in the chemical and petrochemical industries as well as in laboratories.

All requirements are classified in performance levels. These are laid down in EN 14325 Test methods and performance classification of chemical protective clothing materials, seams, joins and assemblages.

The tests of R and P are effected with reference chemicals H2SO4 (30%), NaOH (10%), o-xylene (solvent, undiluted), butan-1-ol (solvent, undiluted). It must be ensured that a transmission of results to other chemicals is not possible or requires the execution of corresponding additional tests.

Performance classes:

  • H2SO4 R = Class 3, P = Class 3
  • NaOH R = Class 3, P = Class 3
  • Class 3 = R > 95 %, P < 1 %
  • Class 2 = R > 90 %, P < 5 %
  • Class 1 = R > 80 %, p < 10 %

The garment provides no protection against organic solvents.

EN 1149

EN 1149-3 Test method Measurement of charge decay

Measurement of the discharge of electrostatic charges from the surface of clothing materials. Discharge of charges = the transfer of a charge via or through a material, as a result of which the charge density or the surface potential at the point at which the charge was located is reduced. Typical areas of application are supply companies (e.g. gas, liquid fuels, fuels), the petrochemical industry, petrol stations, tank cleaning companies, etc.

Safe earthing, e.g. through the wearing of conductive shoes must be ensured. (Resistance of the shoe < = 10ex8) must be ensured. Please ensure that your entire body is covered (even the clothing worn underneath the protective clothing), do not undress in potentially explosive areas. Always keep clothing closed when worn. Application in explosion zone 0 and for gas/ vapour and air mixtures of explosion group IIC requires additional work-specific risk analyses.

EN 1149-5 Performance requirements for electrostatic properties

This standard is one of a series of standard test methods and requirements for the electrostatic properties of protective garments. It specifies the requirements for avoiding flammable discharges for electrostatic dissipative protective garments. In flammable atmospheres that are enriched with oxygen, the requirements may not be sufficient. This standard is not applicable for protection against mains voltages.

EN 61482-1-2 cl. 1

EN 61482-1-2 Class 1 Arc protection (4 kA/500 ms)

The standard based on a test that simulates the effect of a fault arc on the front of the body at chest height. The clothing is not electrically insulating – it provides no protection against electric currents. Suitable additional protective equipment is recommended (e.g. gloves, hoods, visor) for full personal protection. Always keep clothing closed when worn. The protective clothing must be worn when working in the low voltage range, such as the service entrance box, to protect the wearer against the thermal effect of a fault arc.

DIN EN 14404

DIN EN 14404 Knee protection for workers kneeling down

Working in a kneeling position creates constant pressure on the knee. Knee protection is designed to distribute the forces produced evenly across it. In addition to this, it is designed to prevent injuries or damage caused by hard surfaces, small stones or similar objects lying on the ground. Knee protection is subdivided into 4 types:

Type 1: Knee protection that is separate from clothing and fastened to the leg.
Type 2: Pads inserted into pockets on trouser legs or permanently attached to the trousers.
Type 3: Equipment that is not attached to the body.
Type 4: Knee protection forming part of a unit with additional functions.

In addition to this, there are two performance classifications:

Level 1: The knee protection is suitable for even ground where there is no risk of objects over 1 cm in height.
Level 2: The knee protection is for use in challenging conditions, such as for example when kneeling on stones in mines or quarries.

The PLANAM knee pad product no. 9901027 is certified as Type 2, Level 1 knee protection. This certification only applies in conjunction with PLANAM trousers, dungarees or overalls and cannot be transferred to other products.

HACCP

HACCP

HACCP stands for “Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points”. HACCP is not a legal requirement, but a guideline for which company-specific requirements are possible. This guideline does not deal with PPE, but rather the protection of food.

 

Reflective band 3M™ Scotchlite 8912N

3M™ Scotchlite™ Reflective Material 8912N Silver has been designed for use on high-visibility clothing, workwear and professional clothing to improve the visibility of the wearer when it is dark or visibility is poor. The material shines a brilliant white when illuminated by vehicle headlights, even if the wearer is at the edge of the road. Scotchlite™ Reflective Material 8912N Silver is composed of exposed retroreflective lenses bonded to a durable blended fabric (65% polyester / 35% cotton). It far exceeds the minimum retroreflective performance required by the highest category (class 2). Its retroreflective properties are not dependent on the direction the clothing is facing.

Reflective band 3M™ Scotchlite™ 8906

3M™ Scotchlite™ Reflective Material 8906 Silver has been designed for use on high-visibility clothing, workwear and professional clothing to improve the visibility of the wearer when it is dark or visibility is poor. The material shines a brilliant white when illuminated by vehicle headlights, even if the wearer is at the edge of the road. Scotchlite™ Reflective Material 8906 Silver is composed of exposed retroreflective lenses attached to a durable material made from 100% polyester. It far exceeds the minimum retroreflective performance required by the highest category (class 2).
Its retroreflective properties are not dependent on the direction the clothing is facing.

Reflective band 3M™ Scotchlite™ 8935

3M™ Scotchlite™ Reflective material 8935 Silver was designed to be applied to high-visiblity clothing, particularly flame-resistant workwear, to improve the visibility of the wearer when it is dark or visibility is poor. This product also stands out for its high heat resistance and outstanding durability in use. The material shines a brilliant white when illuminated by vehicle headlights, even if the wearer is at the edge of the road.

Scotchlite™ Reflective Material 8935 Silver is composed of exposed retroreflective lenses attached to a durable flame-resistant 100% cotton fabric by a special bonding layer. It far exceeds the minimum retroreflective performance required by the highest category (class 2). Its retroreflective properties are not dependent on the direction the clothing is facing.

This high-quality reflective tape can be washed at 60 °C in a household wash, 50 cycles, in compliance with EN ISO 20471.

 

OEKO-TEX® Standard 100

The OEKO-TEX® Standard 100 is an independent testing and certification system for raw, intermediate and final textile products for all stages of processing. Examples of certifiable articles are raw and dyed/refined yarns, raw and dyed/refined woven and knitted fabrics, ready-made articles (garments of all types, home textiles, bedding, terry towel articles, textile toys and much more).

Criteria
Tests for harmful substances cover:

  • substances banned by law
  • substances regulated by law
  • substances that are known to be potentially harmful to health (but are not yet chemicals regulated by law)
  • as well as parameters for healthcare

In their entirety, the requirements go considerably beyond existing national legislation.

Why OEKO-TEX®?
The OEKO-TEX® Standard 100 was developed at the beginning of the 1990s as a response to the needs of consumers and the general public for textiles that are not harmful to health. „Poison in textiles“ and other negative headlines were widespread at that time, which labelled chemicals used in producing textiles as negative and harmful to health across the board. However, demands for modern textile products could not be met without using specific chemical substances. Stylish colours, easy care, long service life and many other functional properties of textiles are called for today, and are sometimes indispensible depending on the application (e.g. for professional clothing and protective clothing).

 

UV protective clothing with integrated sun protection

The largest organ of the human body is the skin, and it is exposed to great danger in summer. UV rays from the sun can increase the risk of skin cancer. Standard textiles are radiolucent, providing insufficient protection.
PLANAM’s UV-protective clothing gives guaranteed certified safety.

Awarded UV protection certificates “PROTECT 80” and “PROTECT 40”, this range guarantees maximum prevention. Just like for sunscreens, the figure indicates the protection factor for safely spending longer in the sun. Our PLANAM models allow the wearer to remain in the sun 80 and 40 times longer than those without protection. With their integrated sun protection factor, the finished garments provide the skin with optimum protection. Those with sensitive skin can stay in the sun longer without having to cover themselves in sunscreen. It is important to know the individual skin type in order to determine the individual’s protection time (length of possible exposure to the sun without risk of skin damage). The stated UV protection factor (e.g. Protect 80) gives the factor by which the individual’s protection time can be extended just by wearing these textiles.

 

Initiative for compliance with social standards in producing countries

PLANAM has joined the social fairness initiative (sozial-fair) set up by the Association of Non-food Importers (Verband der Fertigwarenimporteure: VFI). This obliges our suppliers to comply with the conditions of sozial-fair, to ensure a socially fair, humane environment for working conditions in both their own manufacturing facilities and in those upstream.

We are conscious of our social responsibilities and support international regulations with regard to child labour and the prohibition of forced labour. Furthermore, we require our suppliers to set minimum standards in workplace health and safety and to ensure working hours and remuneration comply with statutory provisions or collective agreements and that freedom of association is granted.

PLANAM confirms and documents compliance with standards for both its own company and for its upstream suppliers and presents the relevant documentation both generally to the authorised VFI auditors and on an individual and contract-related basis to participating companies.

This means we can guarantee our suppliers manufacture responsibly, on the basis of social standards.
For more information, see www.sozial-fair.eu.